Đề cương ôn tập môn tiếng Anh thi công chức hành chính vào các Sở, Ban, Ngành năm 2020



Dưới đây là đề thi mẫu môn Anh Văn phục vụ thi công chức hành chính vào các Sở, Ban ngành năm 2020
Nội dung kiến thức: trình độ Anh B, khá sát với đề thi thật, nội dung trọng tâm không lan man
Các dạng bài tập gồm: Trắc nghiệm ngữ pháp, đọc hiểu dạng đục lỗ, đọc hiểu và trả lời câu hỏi, hoàn thành câu từ các từ cho sẵn
Để nhận đáp án, các bạn comment email để mình gửi nhé.

Part 1. Choose the best option A, B, C or D to complete each sentence.

1. All the iron doors ___________ by wooden doors.
A. must be replaced 
B. must replaced
C. must replaced 
D. must to be replaced

2. The bigger the supermarket is, ___________
A. the choice is wide 
B. the wider the choice will be.
C. the more the choice is 
D. the wider the choice it is.

3. When he was driving to work, he stopped ___________
A. to get some petrol 
B. so to get some petrol
C. getting some petrol 
D. for getting some petrol

4. My problems are getting ___________
A. more and more bad 
B. bader and bader
C. worse and worse 
D. the worse and worse.

5. It would have been a much more serious accident if ___________ fast at that time.
A. had she have driving
B. was she driving
C. she had driven
D. she drove

6. The woman ___________ was not very polite.
A. who I spoke to
B. to who I spoke
C. who I spoke
D. I spoke to whom

7. The prisoner ___________ to have escaped by climbing over a wall.
A. thought
B. is thought 
C. is think
D. has thought

8. She has made an ___________ for the job as a nursery teacher because she likes children.
A. apply
B. applicant
C. application
D. applicated

9. We were made ___________ hard when we were at school.
A. to study
B. study
C. studying
D. studied

10. The work of the charity is funded by voluntary ___________.
A. movements
B. teenagers
C. campaigns
D. donations

11. - Nam: "What a lovely hat you have!” - Lan: "Thanks___________ .”
A. I'm glad you like it
B. I don't care 
C. that's OK 
D. certainly

12. It was the most exciting film I ___________
 A. ever saw 
 B. have ever seen 
 C. never saw 
 D. had ever seen

13. The contest aimed to stimulate the spirit of learning___________students.
 A. on 
 B. for 
 C. of 
 D. among

14. Such questions provide a useful means of ___________ students' interest.
 A. expressing 
 B. encouraging 
 C. stimulating 
 D. providing

15. We took part in a sponsored walk ___________to support the poor.
 A. organized 
 B. organizing 
 C. that organized 
 D. had organized

16. The picnic ___________ because Peter has just had a traffic accident.
 A. will cancel 
 B. will be canceling 
 C. will be cancelled 
 D. will have cancelled

17. - John: "How's your class this term? "
- Susan: "Great. I have seventeen students, most of ___________ speak English very well."
 A. who 
 B. whom 
 C. those 
 D. which

18. - Tom: “I don't like hunting.” - Peter: “___________”
 A. Either do I 
 B.I do, too 
 C. Neither do I 
 D. I don't neither

19. ________my hat off the peg, I went out of the room.
 A. Take 
 B. Taking 
 C. Taken 
 D. Took

20. He may be quick ________ understanding but he isn't capable ________ remembering anything.
 A. in - of 
 B. on - at 
 C. at - of 
 D. of - at

21. Mary was sacked, ________ wasn't surprising.
 A. that 
 B. for that 
 C. which 
 D. for which

22. My younger sister is very ________ and so she loves going out but I am much quieter and prefer to stay at home.
 A. enjoyable 
 B. lively 
 C. pleasing 
 D. fun

23. Nowadays, young men with a technical education ________ because of the great demand for highly skilled workmen.
A. is well-paid 
 B. should pay well 
 C. are well-paid 
 D. could pay well

24. While they were ______ tables, he was ______the radio.
 A. arranging - listening to 
 B. arranging - hearing
 C. laying - listening to 
 D. making - hearing

25. At first I found it difficult ______ on the left-hand side of the road.
 A. to get used to drive 
 B. to get used to driving
C. being used to drive 
 D. in getting used to driving

26. ______ aspects of learning English do you find the most difficult?
 A. What 
 B. Where 
 C. When 
 D. Why

27. We are a very ______family. All of us have very close relationship with one another.
A. strange 
 B. friendly 
 C. typical 
 D. close-knit

28. I remember ______the letter a few days before going on holiday.
A. to receive 
 B. to have received 
 C. received 
 D. receiving

29. Her suggestions were ______. We could not approve of them.
 A. reason 
 B. reasonable 
 C. reasonably 
 D. unreasonable

30. Do you agree that a happy marriage should be based ______ love?
 A. for 
 B. on 
 C. at 
 D. with

31. Mary ______ in London for 15 years.
A. is living 
 B. was living 
 C. lives 
 D. has lived

32. She said she ______ collect the stamp for me after work.
 A. would 
 B. did
 C. must 
 D. had

33. To enter that school, you will have to fill in the ______ form.
 A. apply 
 B. application 
 C. applied 
 D. applying

34. Today we can find many______ farms in our country.
A. mechanic 
 B. mechanize 
 C. mechanized 
 D. mechanization

35. I cannot understand my neighbour's accent. I wish she would______
A. speak clearer 
 B. clearer speak
C. more clearly speak 
 D. speak more clearly

36. The sink in the locker room tends to ______
A. flow 
 B. overflow 
 C. flow over 
 D. over flowing

37. He went to the cinema ______ he had done his homework.
A. before 
 B. until 
 C. by the time 
 D. after

38. The people next door are furious_______ us ______ making so much noise last night.
A. at / with 
 B. with / for 
 C. for / to 
 D. about / in

39. The average TV ______ time of the British is about 25 hours a week.
A. seeing 
 B. viewing 
 C. looking 
 D. observing

40. She doesn't want anything alcoholic now. She would rather ______a soft drink.
A. have 
 B. to have 
 C. prefer 
 D. prefer to have

41. It is not easy to find a job today. A lot of people are ______.
A. no job 
 B. out of work 
 C. out of order 
 D. no work

42. Sky diving is a (an) ______ sport, but many people like it.
A. dangerously 
 B. in danger 
 C. dangerous 
 D. endanger

43. He lost his keys yesterday. Now he is ______them.
A. looking after 
 B. looking at 
 C. looking up 
 D. looking for

44. - Mai: Would you like to go to the English Club with me? - Lan: ______.
A. Sorry, I’m busy 
 B. Nothing 
 C. Fine, thanks 
 D. Once a week

45. He drives ______than his younger brother.
A. more carefully 
 B. as careful 
 C. more careful 
 D. the most carefully

46. Which do you prefer, watching film ______ listening to music?
A. and 
 B. but 
 C. so 
 D. or

47. Football seems to be the most______ game in England.
A. populate 
 B. popularity 
 C. populated 
 D. popular

48. In England, people in the North is ______ from people in the South.
A. difference 
 B. different 
 C. differ 
 D. differently

49. Some people are ______ prison for crimes they have not committed.
A. in 
 B. on 
 C. at 
 D. to

50. I remember ______ him once in my life.
A. to meet 
 B. meeting 
 C. to have met 
 D. met

51. We were so late, we ______had time to catch the train.
A. nearly 
 B. almost 
 C. hardly 
 D. simply

52. Tell me ______ there is anything special that you would like to do.
A. that 
 B. which 
 C. so 
 D. if

53. The teacher gave back the papers which ______marked.
A. was 
 B. has been 
 C. had been 
 D. have been

54. Mrs. Ramsay was accustomed ______ in this rickety house.
A. by living 
 B. to living 
 C. with living 
 D. living

55. Neither Mary nor her two brothers______superstitious.
A. is 
 B. was 
 C. are 
 D. have

56. If my candidate had won the election, I ______happy now.
A. would have been 
 B. was 
 C. would be 
 D. can be


57. I ______very well with my father now, we never have any arguments.
A. go on 
 B. carry on 
 C. get on 
 D. put on

58. I’ve got to see the dentist for a check - up tomorrow; I just hope I don’t need to ______.
A. have anything done 
 B. be done something to
C. let anything be done 
 D. make something done

59. Last night when I ______my homework. The lights______out.
A. was doing - go 
 B. did - went 
 C. did - was going 
 D. was doing - went

60. We had to cover the rest of the ______ ourselves while our teacher was ill.
A. contents 
 B. current 
 C. syllable 
 D. syllabus

61. I can already speak three languages, but I’d like to ______to speak Chinese.
A. know 
 B. study 
 C. learn 
 D. teach

62. The ______ to make quick decisions is vital in an emergency.
A. ability 
 B. knowledge 
 C. skill 
 D. talent

63. You are ______during the test.
A. not to speak 
 B. not to be speaking
C. not to have spoken
D. not to have been speaking

64. I wish he ______ to me more often.
A. writes 
 B. wrote 
 C. have written 
 D. is writing

65. I remember you. You ______to go school here.
A. use 
 B. used 
 C. were using 
 D. were used

66. Will you buy a 3D television when they ______available?
A. become 
 B. became 
 C. are becoming 
 D. will become

67. Jamie prefers working at home ______ working in an office.
A. more 
 B. that 
 C. than 
 D. to

68. Frank watches all the Lakes’ games. He______to be one of their biggest fans.
A. must 
 B. has got 
 C. could have 
 D. should have

69. It’s important to set yourself clear______ so you know what you are doing for.
A. ambitions 
 B. goals 
 C. decisions 
 D. opportunities

70. The female birds eat very little food______ the males.
A. comparing to 
 B. compared to 
 C. comparing with 
 D. comparing

71. I really must apologize ______the way that I behaved during my stay at hotel.
A. by 
 B. for 
 C. of 
 D. to

72. I ______like to accept your kind offer for a free meal in your restaurant.
A. could 
 B. can 
 C. will 
 D. would

73. I am interested in natural science subjects like mathematics, physics and______
A. literature 
 B. music 
 C. chemistry 
 D. geography

74. I am tired______having to wash the dishes every night.
A. of 
 B. by 
 C. with 
 D. at

75. The teacher asked him why he______the test.
A. doesn't finish 
 B. hasn't finished 
 C. won't finish 
 D. didn't finish

76. I wish you_______ harder for your examination.
A. will work 
 B. worked 
 C. have worked 
 D. work

77. Mary ______with her friend in an apartment in Hanoi since last Sunday.
A. is living 
 B. has lived 
 C. lived 
 D. lives

78. I could______recognize her when she put on her suit and changed her hairstyle.
A. hard 
 B. not hardly 
 C. hardly not 
 D. hardly

79. Yesterday I was ill so they took me to the hospital, ............. is only a mile away.
 A. which 
 B. where 
 C. that 
 D. in which

80. To our______, Gheoffrey's illness proved not to be as serious as we had feared.
A. anxiety 
 B. eyes 
 C. relief 
 D. judgment

81. I've never seen______
A. such a tall man 
 B. so tall man 
 C. such tall man 
 D. as tall man

82. They wanted to know what foreign language ______besides English.
A. did they teach 
 B. they taught 
 C. they teach 
 D. do they teach

83. The doctor ______that he should slow down a bit.
A. told to Jim 
 B. said Jim 
 C. asked Jim 
 D. told Jim

84. You ______see the doctor if that back ache persists.
A. better 
 B. better have 
 C. have better 
 D. had better

85. ______is the natural environment in which plants or animals live.
A. Habitat 
B . Habitant 
 C. Extinction 
 D. Biodiversity

86. Many plants and animals______are now in danger of extinction.
A. pieces 
 B. species 
 C. amount 
 D. numbers.

87. The disappearance of one or several species may result in the loss of ______
A. university 
 B. biology 
C . biodiversity 
 D. diversity

88. ______ is considered one of the most complete form of exercise, it is the basic part of many other aquatic sports.
A. Snorkeling 
 B. Water polo 
 C. Scuba diving 
 D. Swimming

89. The Asian Games is an occasion when friendship and ______are built and deepened.
A. solidarity 
 B. determination 
 C. admiration 
 D. rival

90. Our company didn't pay______for that banner advertisement.
A. much funds 
 B. many funds 
 C. many money 
 D. much money


Part 2. Choose the correct option A, B, C, or D for each blank.

Passage 1.

Captain James Cook is remembered today for being one of Britain's most famous explorers of the 18th century. Cook was (1) ______most other explorers of the same period as he did not come from a wealthy family and had to work hard to (2) ______his position in life. He was lucky to be (3) ______by his father's employer, who saw that he was a bright boy and paid for him to attend the village school. At sixteen, he started (4) ______ in a shop in a fishing village, and this was a turning (5) ______in his life. He developed an interest in the sea and eventually joined the Royal Navy in order to see more of the world.

1. A. unlike B. contrary C. distinct D. different

2. A. achieve B. succeed C. manage D. fulfil

3. A. noticed B. viewed C. glanced D. remarked

4. A. work B. trade C. career D. job

5. A. point B. instant C. moment D. mark


Passage 2.

Nguyen Hue - King Quang Trung: Hero in plain clothing

King Quang Trung, is a great national hero at the 18th century, (1) ______the country and opening a new dynasty. With his military genius, he led the Tay Son Uprising to defeat two warring feudal families, the Trinh and Nguyen Lords, the Siamese, and the Qing invasion. The Tay Son dynasty left many social and cultural vestiges even though it lasted for a short time.

In 1788, a Qing expeditionary force, estimated at up to 200,000 men, advanced smoothly into Vietnam. At the news of the Qing invasion, on December 22, 1788, Nguyen Hue erected an altar on a hill south of Phu Xuan and proclaimed himself king. He then took the name of Quang Trung. He planned a spoiling attack and (2) ______his soldiers to celebrate Tet early, promising that they would be able to properly celebrate later in Thang Long. On the last day of the lunar year, the Tay Son left Tam Diep to take the offensive. On the afternoon of the fifth day of the New Year Quang Trung's troops entered Thang Long. As their commander had promised, they celebrated Tet there on the seventh day of the New Year.

Quang Trung showed himself willing to work with capable individuals, regardless of their past loyalties. This helped (3) ______ the best men to his service. He reorganized the army and carried out fiscal reforms. He redistributed unused lands, mainly to the peasants. He promoted crafts and trade, and pushed for reforms in (4) _______, stating that “to build a country, nothing is more important than educating the people”. Quang Trung was the first Vietnamese leader to add science to the Mandarinate examinations. He also introduced a Vietnamese currency and insisted that Nom (5) ______in court documents.

1. A. uniting  B. building  C. safekeeping   D. preserving

2. A. ordered  B. requested  C. asked   D. advised

3. A. attract  B. create  C. give    D. send

4. A. education  B. educating   C. educate   D. educative

5. A. be used    B. use   C. being used    D. was used


Passage 3.

Alexandre Yersin was born in 1863 in Switzerland, and died on March 1, 1943 in Nha Trang, Viet Nam. He studied medicine in Paris and Berlin.

Yersin left Europe in 1890 to (1) ______ a physician abroad steamships operating off the coast in Indochina and soon began his four-year exploration of central region. He (2) ______ the sources of the Dong Nai River and explored the Lam Vien Plateau, where he (3) ______that a town, the future Da Lat, should be built. In 1892 he joined the colonial health service and was sent to Hong Kong in 1894.

The next year, Yersin (4) ______in laboratory, later the Pasteur Institute of Nha Trang. There be prepared serums against plague in human beings and cattle and studied cattle diseases, cholera and smallpox. To finance the laboratory, he (5) ______the cultivation of corn, rice, and coffee and introduced the rubber to Indochina.

1. A. serve as   B. serve   C. work   D. work to

2. A. discovered   B. came up  C. invented   D. carried out

3. A. recommended   B. offered   C. agreed   D. required

4. A. established   B. set   C. found   D. came up with

5. A. undertook   B. promised   C. made    D. prepared


Passage 4.

Nguyen Dinh Chieu was a Vietnamese poet who was known (1) ______ his patriotism and anti-colonial writings against the French. His work, Luc Van Tien, remains one of the most celebrated works in Vietnamese literature.

In 1843, he passed high school graduation of Gia Dinh school and left home for Hue to join the second-degree examination. However, when (2) ______ that his mother was dead, he had to come back to the hometown. On the journey south, he contracted an eye infection and was soon completely blind. In spite of his disability, he opened a small school in Gia Dinh and was soon in high (3) ______ as both a teacher and medical practitioner.

He refused to cooperate with the colonial system. When an official of the French authorities offered him the land that had been taken from his family plot in Gia Dinh, he was (4) ______to have replied, “When our common land, our country, has been lost, how is it possible to have (5) ______ land”?

1. A. through B. as C. with D. for

2. A. hearings B. he would hear C. to hear D. to be heard

3. A. demand B. requirement C. need D. order

4. A. reported B. reacted C. responded D. told

5. A. individual B. original C. single D. personal


Passage 5.

A Famous Humorist

One of the best-known of American writers is Samuel Clemens, whose (1) ______ is Mark Twain. Born in 1835, Twain grew up in the Mississippi River town of Hannibal, Missouri. Like many other boys of his day, Twain dreamed of traveling on river boats and of someday becoming a riverboal pilot. Twain used his (2) ______of the life of a river town in his two most famous books, Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. As a young man Twain did many jobs. He was a printer, a gold miner, or a river boat pilot. During his pilot days, he adopted the name Mark Twain. This was a term used by the boatmen to mean that the water measured two fathoms, or twelve feet, which was (3) ______ enough for safe passage. Finally Twain became a successful writer. He traveled a great deal, writing and speaking, and became very (4) ______ both in the United States and in Europe. Twain's (5) of______ writing was simple and direct. Among the things he wrote about were superstitious people and people who were easily fooled. He used his unusual skill for humor to write about many things of importance.

1. A. pen name B. nickname C. label D. brandname

2. A. memories B. remembrance C. memorizing D. imagination

3. A. deep B. large C. shallow D. tall

4. A. popular B. favorite C. lovable D. likable

5. A. style B. manner C. ways D. methods


Passage 6.

Marie Curie, the Polish-born French physicist and chemist was a courageous and determined woman. She left her home for Paris to (1) ______ her interest in science. Living in (2) ______, she still managed to graduate at the top of her class. She met Pierre Curie immediately after graduation and married him a year later. Together, Pierre and Marie (3) ______the most famous husband-and-wife couple in science history. They (4) ______ the Radioactive elements, Polonium and Radium. They (5) ______ the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903.

1. A. pursue  B. take   C. follow   D. satisfy

2. A. poverty  B. loneliness  C. wealth   D. difficulty

3. A. formed  B. organized    C. established   D. built

4. A. discovered   B. invented   C. built   D. made

5. A. were awarded   B. awarded   C. had awarded   D. were awarding


Part 3. Read the following passage and then choose the best answer A, B, C or D to each of the questions.


Passage 1.

It is a characteristic of human nature that people like to get together and have fun, and people live during America's frontier days were no exception. However, because life was hard and the necessities of day-to-day living took up their time, it was common for recreation to be combined with activities necessary for survival. One example of such a form of recreation was logrolling. Many frontier areas were heavily wooded, and in order to settle an area it was necessary to move the trees. A settler could cut down the trees alone, but help was needed to move the cut trees. After a settler had cut a bunch of trees, he would then invite is neighbours over for a logrolling.

A logrolling is a community event where families got together for a combination of work and fun. The women would bring food and have a much needed and infrequent opportunity to relax and chat with friends, the children would play together exuberantly, and the men would hold lively competitions that involved rolling logs from place to place as quickly as possible. This was a day of fun for everyone involved, but as its foundation was the need to clear the land.

1. The main idea of the passage is that in America's frontier days_______ .
A. people combined work with recreation
B. people cleared land by rolling logs
C. it was necessary for early settlers to clear the land
D. a logrolling involved the community

2. The expression day-to-day could best be replaced by which of the following?
A. daytime 
 B. every day 
 C. day after day 
 D. today

3. According to the passage, what did people have to do first to settle an area?
A. Develop recreation ideas 
 B. Build farms
C. Get rid of the trees 
 D. Invite neighbors over

4. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about a logrolling?
A. It involved a lot of people. 
 B. It could be enjoyable.
C. There could be a lot of movement. 
 D. It was rather quiet.

5. This passage would probably be assigned reading in which of the following courses?
A. Forestry 
 B. Environmental Studies
C. Psychology 
 D. History


Passage 2.

On February 3, 1956, Autherine Lucy became the first African-American student to attend the University of Alabama, although the dean of women refused to allow Autherine to live in a university dormitory. White students rioted in protest of her admission, and the federal government had to assume command of the Alabama National guard in order to protect her. Nevertheless, on her first day in class, Autherine bravely took a seat in the front row. She remembered being surprised that the professor of the class appeared not to notice she was even in class. Later, she would appreciate his seeming indifference, as he was one of only few professors to speak out in favour of her right to attend the university. For protection, Autherine was taken in and out of classroom buildings by the back door and driven from class to class by an assistant to the university president. The students continued to riot, and one day, the windshield of the car she was in was broken. University officials suspended her, saying it was for her own safety. When her attorney issued a statement in her name protesting her suspension, the university used it as grounds for expelling her for insubordination. Although she never finished her education at the University of Alabama, Autherine Lucy's ourage was an inspiration to African-American students who followed her lead nd desegregated universities all over the United States.

1. According to the passage, what did Autherine Lucy do on her first day at the University of Alabama?
A. She moved into a dormitory.
B. She sat in the front row of her class.
C. She became terrified of the white rioters.
D. She was befriended by an assistant to the university president.


2. Based on the information in the passage, which of the following best describes Autherine Lucy?
A. quiet and shy 
 B. courageous and determined
C. clever and amusing 
 D. overly dramatic

3. When she began classes at the university, Autherine Lucy expected to_______
A. stand out from the other students.
B. have the support of the university faculty.
C. join an African-American organization for protection.
D. be ridiculed by the professors.

4. Autherine Lucy never graduated from the University of Alabama because she _______
A. moved to another state.
B. transferred to another university.
C. dropped out because of pressure from other students.
D. was expelled for insubordination.

5. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A. The Alabama National Guard is normally under the command of the U.S. Army.
B. In 1956, the only segregated university in the United States was in Alabama.
C. Autherine Lucy was escorted to and from class by the university president's assistant.
D. A few white students at the university were pleased that Autherine Lucy was a student there.


Passage 3.

Saving energy means saving money. Home owners and renters know this basic fact, but they often don't know what kinds of adjustments they can make in their homes and apartments that will result in savings.

For those willing to spend some time and money to reap long-term energy savings, an energy audit is the way to go. An energy auditor will come into your home and assess its energy efficiency. The auditor will pinpoint areas of your home that use the most energy and offer solutions to lower your energy use and costs. Trained energy auditors know what to look for and can locate a variety of flaws that may be resulting in energy inefficiency, including inadequate insulation, construction flaws, and uneven heat distribution.

There are quicker and less costly measures that can be taken as well. One way to save money is to replace incandescent lights with fluorescents. This can result in a savings of more than 50% on your monthly lighting costs.

When it's time to replace old appliances, it's wise to spend a bit more for an energy-efficient model, and be sure that you are taking advantage of energy-saving settings already on your current refrigerator, dishwasher, washing machine, or dryer.

Windows provide another opportunity to cut your energy costs. Caulk old Windows that might be leaky to prevent drafts, and choose double-paned windows if you're building an addition or replacing old windows.

Most areas of your home or apartment offer opportunities to save energy and money. The results are significant and are well worth the effort.

1. Which two main organizational schemes can be identified in this passage?
A. hierarchical order and order by topic
B. order by topic and cause and effect
C. hierarchical order and chronological order
D. chronological order and compare and contrast

2. Which of the following ideas is NOT included in this passage?
A. You can reduce your $130 monthly lighting costs to $65 by using fluorescent bulbs instead of incandescent.
B. Double-paned windows can cut energy costs.
C. Your local energy company will send an energy auditor at your request.
D. Some appliances have energy-saving settings.

3. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of this passage?
A. There are many things a homeowner or renter can do to save energy and money.
B. Hiring an energy auditor will save energy and money.
C. Homeowners and renters don't know what they can do to save energy and money.
D. Replacing windows and light bulbs are well worth the effort and cost.

4. According to the passage, which of the following would an energy auditor NOT do?
A. Check for construction flaws.
B. Look for problems with heat distribution.
C. Offer solutions to lower your energy costs.
D. Locate a variety of flaws that may result in energy inefficiency and fix them.

5. According the passage, double-paned windows
A. are energy efficient.
B. should only be used as replacement windows.
C. should only be used in new additions to homes.
D. will lower your heating costs by 50%.


Passage 4.

Man is a land animal, but he also closely tied to the sea. Throughout history, the sea has served the needs of man. The sea has provided man with food an convenient way to travel to many parts of the world. Today, nearly two thirds of the world's population live within 80 kilometres of the sea coast.

In the modern technological world, the sea offers many resources to help mankind survive. Resources on land are beginning to be used up. The sea, however, still can be hoped to supply many man's needs. The list of riches of the sea yet to be developed by man's technology is impressive. Oil and gas explorations have been carried out for nearly 30 years. Valuable amounts of minerals exist on the ocean floor are ready to be mined.

Fish farming promises to be a good way to produce large quantities of food. The culture of fish and shellfish is an ancient skill practised in the past mainly by Oriental people.

Besides oil and gas, the sea may offer new sources of energy. Experts believe that the warm temperature of the ocean can be used in a way similar to the steam in a steamship. Ocean currents and waves offer possible use as a source of energy.

Technology is enabling man to explore ever more deeply under the sea. The development of strong, new materials has made this possible. The technology to harvest the sea continues to improve. Experts believe that by the year 2020 the problems that prevent us from exploiting fully the food, minerals, and energy source of the sea will be largely solved.

1. The major things that the sea offers man are _______.
A. fish and oil 
B. minerals and oil
C. food, energy sources, and minerals
D. ocean currents and waves

2. The sea serves the needs of man as_______.
A. it provides man with food
B. it offers oil and other valuable sources
C. it provides man with modern technology 
D. Both A and B

3. We can conclude from the passage that _______.
A. the sea resources have largely been used up
B. the sea, in a broad sense, has not yet been developed
C. the problems that prevent us from fully exploiting the sea have already been solved
D. by the year 2020, the technology will be good enough to exploit all the sea resources

4. The words Oriental people in the fourth paragraph means _______.
A. people in Asia 
B. people in Africa
C. European people
D. American people

5. The best title for this paragraph is _______.
A. Seafood
B. Technology for Exploiting the Sea
C. Sea Harvest
D. Man and the Sea

Passage 5.

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. Established on 7 April, 1948, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor, the Health Organization.

The WHO's constitution, states that its objective is "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health." Its major task is to combat diseases, especially key infectious diseases, and to promote the general health of the people of the world. The WHO also sponsors programs to prevent and treat serious epidemics such as SARS, malaria, and AIDS. The WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines, pharmaceutical diagnostics, and drugs. After over 2 decades of fighting smallpox, the WHO declared in 1980 that the disease had been eradicated - the first disease in history to be eliminated by human effort.

The WHO is nearing success in developing vaccines against malaria and aims to eradicate polio within the next few years. The organization has already endorsed the world's first official HIV/AIDS Tool kit for Zimbabwe making it an international standard. In addition to its work in eradicating disease, the WHO also carries out various health-related campaigns, for example, to boost the consumption of fruits and vegetables worldwide and to discourage tobacco use.

Experts met at the WHO headquarters in Geneva in February, 2007, and reported that their work on pandemic influenza vaccine development had achieved encouraging progress. More than 40 clinic trials have been completed or are ongoing. Most have focused on healthy adults. Some companies, after completing safety analyses in adults, have initiated clinical trials in the elderly and in children. All vaccines so far appear to be safe arid well-tolerated in all age groups tested.

1. According to the text, which disease has been eradicated?
A. Smallpox 
 B. SARS C. 
AIDS D. 
Malaria

2. Which is not mentioned in the second paragraph 'as the tasks of the World Health Organization?
A. To supply food for patients
B. to support pharmaceutical diagnostics, and drugs
C. To combat diseases
D. To promote the general health of everyone in the world


3. The World Health Organization (WHO) _______.
A. has no relation to the United Nations 
 B. has no predecessor
C. works on international public health
D. only takes care of Swiss people

4. Influenza vaccine _______.
A. causes bad effects on children and elderly people
B. has only been used for adults
C. has appeared to be safe in all age groups tested
D. cannot be used for children

5. According to the third paragraph, the World Health Organization_______.
A. has not developed vaccines against malaria yet
B. is trying to eradicate polio
C. is not concerned about polio
D. also carries out various health-related campaigns


Passage 6.

Nowadays we know a lot about the link between carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and global warming. However, we seem to be unaware of one very dangerous pollutant, soot, also called black carbon.

Soot comes from the incomplete combustion of coal, oil, wood and other fuels. In other words, diesel engines, vehicle exhaust pipes, farming machines, construction equipment, or simply fires in grills, fireplaces, and stoves are potential sources of soot. It appears in our daily life and can easily affect everyone of us.

Soot like all black things absorbs sunlight and heats up the atmosphere. According to recent research, it is the second most damaging greenhouse gas after CO2, and twice as harmful to the climate. Although black carbon remains in the atmosphere for no more than seven days, it is particularly damaging to frozen areas. Soot emissions might be responsible for the quick melting of the Arctic. Controlling black carbon can help to slow down global warming.

Soot does not only have an impact on global warming and climate change, but is also unhealthy. A soot particle is very tiny - smaller than dust and mould, and about 1/30 the width of a human hair. It can easily go into our bloodstream and lungs via the nose and throat. As a result, breathing in the tiny particles can cause asthma attacks, heart disease, bronchitis and many other respiratory illnesses.


1. Which of the following is not true to soot?
A. It is a kind of carbon dioxide.
B. It is a very dangerous pollutant.
C. It is called black carbon.
D. There is a link between soot and global warming.

2. Which of the following does not describe soot?
A. It likes all black things.
B. It absorbs sunlight and heats up the atmosphere.
C. It appears in our daily life and can easily affect everyone of us.
D. It comes from diesel engines and vehicle exhaust pipes.

3. Soot is dangerous because_______.
A. We breathe it in every day.
B. It comes from the incomplete combustion of coal, oil, wood and other fuels.
C. It is called black carbon.
D. It appears in our daily life

4. The second paragraph of the reading text above is about _______.
A. the origine of soot.
B. soot and global warming
C. the effect of soot on human health.
D. ways to reduce soot emissions.

5. “via” in the fourth paragraph has the nearest meaning to _______.
A. through 
B. with
C. in
D. below


Part 4. Choose one option A, B, C or D corresponding to the sentence which has the same meaning as the original one.


1. The Internet has enabled most people to get contact in a matter of moment.
A. Most people have been able to get contact on the Internet in a matter of moment.
B. Most people have got in contact enabled in a matter of moment on the Internet
C. On the Internet, most people can find their contact in a matter of moment.
D. On the Internet, most people are able to get in contact a matter of moment.


2. The teacher has done his best to help all students. However, none of them made any effort on their part.
A. Although the teacher has done his best to help all students, none of them made any effort on their part.
B. Because the teacher has done his best to help all students,, none of them made any effort on their part.
C. If the teacher has done his best to help all students,, none of them made any effort on their part.
D. The teacher has done his best to help all student, then, none of them made any effort on their part.


3. “Finish your work. And then you can go home.”
A. “You can’t go home until you finish your work.”
B. “When you go home, finish your work then.”
C. “Because you have finished your work, you can go home.”
D. “You finish your work to go home as early as you can.”

4. The Internet has enabled most people to get contact in a matter of moment.
A. Most people have been able to get contact on the Internet in a matter of moment.
B. Most people have got in contact enabled in a matter of moment on the Internet
C. On the Internet, most people can find their contact in a matter of moment.
D. On the Internet, most people are able to get in contact a matter of moment.

5. The teacher has done his best to help all students. However, none of them made any effort on their part.
A. Although the teacher has done his best to help all students, none of them made any effort on their part.
B. Because the teacher has done his best to help all students, none of them made any effort on their part.
C. If the teacher has done his best to help all students, none of them made any effort on their part.
D. The teacher has done his best to help all student, then, none of them made any effort on their part.

6. “Finish your work. And then you can go home.”
A. “You can’t go home until you finish your work.”
B. “When you go home, finish your work then.”
C. “Because you have finished your work, you can go home.”
D. “You finish your work to go home as early as you can.”

7. The secret to success is hard work.
A. Working hard ensures success.
B. One must work hard to keep secrets.
C. One can’t succeed if he has secrets.
D. If you keep your work secret, you will succeed.

8. Hardly anybody applied for the job.
A. There were very few applicants for the job.
B. Few applicants were suitable for the job.
C. Anybody applied for the job because it is very hard
D. Anybody found it hard to apply for the job.

9. Sorry, I took you someone else.
A. Sorry, I thought you were somebody else
B. Sorry, I made a mistake in taking you to someone else.
C. Sorry, I took you instead of somebody else
D. Sorry, I asked somebody to take you.

10. Many think that Steve stole the money.
A. Steve is thought to have stolen the money.
B. The money is thought to be stolen by Steve.
C. It was not Steve who stole the money.
D. Many people think the money is stolen by Steve.

11. I spent a long time getting over the disappointment of losing the match.
A. It took me long to forget the disappointment of losing the match.
B. It took me long to stop disappointing you.
C. Getting over the disappointment took me a long time than the match.
D. Losing the match disappointed me too much.

12. His eel soup is better than any other soups I have ever eaten.
A. Of all the soups I have ever eaten, his eel soup is the best.
B. I have ever eaten many soups that are better than his eel soup.
C. His ell soup is good but I have ever eaten many others better.
D. His ell soup is the worst of all soups I have eaten.

13. I haven't visited my hometown for a few years.
A. I last visited my hometown a few years ago.
B. I was in my hometown for a few years.
C. I didn't visit my hometown a few years ago.
D. I have been in my hometown for a few years.

14. "Why don't we go camping at the weekend?" he said.
A. He suggested going camping at the weekend.
B. He objected to going camping at the weekend.
C. He denied going camping at the weekend.
D. He apologized for going camping at the weekend.

15. In spite of her difficult living conditions, she worked extremely hard.
A. She worked very hard even though her living conditions were difficult.
B. She worked very hard in difficult conditions.
C. She worked very hard but she still lived in difficult conditions.
D. She worked very hard because her living conditions were difficult.

16. Illegal dumping is strictly prohibited in the town. This has helped to keep our environment clean.
A. Illegal dumping is strictly prohibited in the town, which has helped to keep our environment clean.
B. Illegal dumping is strictly prohibited in the town which has helped to keep our environment clean.
C. Illegal dumping is strictly prohibited in the town, this has helped to keep our environment clean.
D. Illegal dumping is strictly prohibited in the town, but this has helped to keep our environment clean.

17. Regular exercise is essential to longevity. It is not the only factor.
A. Regular exercise is essential to longevity, but it is not the only factor.
B. Regular exercise is essential to longevity, for it is not the only factor.
C. Regular exercise is essential to longevity, if it is not the only factor.
D. Regular exercise is essential to longevity, when it is not the only factor.


18. My friends had already posted their greetings for my birthday. I logged into my social media account.
A. My friends had already posted their greetings for my birthday when I logged into my social media account
B. My friends had already posted their greetings for my birthday since I logged into my social media account
C. My friends had already posted their greetings for my birthday as soon as I logged into my social media account
D. My friends had already posted their greetings for my birthday until I logged into my social media account

19. When the unemployment rate is high, the crime rate is usually also high.
A. The higher the unemployment rate is, the higher the crime rate is.
B. The unemployment rate is as high as the crime rate.
C. The unemployment rate and the crime rate are both higher
D. The high rate of unemployment depends on the high rate of crime.

20. I strongly disapproved of your behavior. However, I will help you this time.
A. Despite my strong disapproval of your behavior, I will help you this time.
B. Although I strongly disapproved of your behavior, but I will help you this time.
C. Because of your behavior, I will help you this time.
D. Despite of my strong disapproval of your behavior, I will help you this time.

21. As soon as he approached the house, the policeman stopped him.
A. No sooner had he approached the house than the policeman stopped him.
B. Hardly had he approached the house than the policeman stopped him.
C. Hardly he had approached the house when the policeman stopped him.
D. No sooner had he approached the house when the policeman stopped him.

22. They report that soil pollution has seriously threatened the livelihood of many local farmers.
A. Soil pollution is reported to have posed a serious threat to the livelihood of many local farmers.
B. The livelihood of many local farmers was reported to be seriously endangered by soil pollution.
C. It is reported that the livelihood of many local farmers has led to serious soil pollution.
D. It has been reported that soil pollution has actually put many local farmers' lives at risk.

23. John, whose cough is terrible, needs to see a doctor.
A. John needs to see a doctor because of his terrible cough.
B. John's terrible cough prevents from seeing a doctor.
C. John's doctor does not want to see him because he has a bad cough.
D. John's terrible cough forces him to see a doctor.

24. It is my mother that teaches me English.
A. My mother herself teaches me English.
B. It is my mother that English is taught me.
C. Your mother teaches you English, doesn’t she?
D. English is taught you by your mother, doesn’t she?

25. Travelling by air always makes most of us nervous.
A. Most of us are always nervous when we travel by air.
B. We are always most nervous when travelling by air.
C. Travelling by air are always the most nervous means of transport to us.
D. Most of the time we are always made nervous when travelling by air./.
Lan Khuê

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